Lower back pain or lumbago is treated based on the severity. The treatment that works for one does not work for another. The doctors suggest that the treatment for back pain in most of the cases is good rest and attention. There are various drugs available in the market like the pain killers, injections and even surgical options for those who have severe pain. Also, the exercises, physiotherapy and home remedies can help you to get relief from the pain. Know how to treat lower back pain with the various treatment options in this article. All the treatments should be provided by a qualified professional.
- Oral Medications
Pain relievers are recommended by the doctors in the initial stages. Also, the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDs in short, are prescribed. In case of the constant pain, in spite of taking these drugs, the muscle relaxants are also prescribed. It is essential to note that these drugs are to be taken in the amount specified by the doctor. Prolonged use can lead to serious adverse effects. The doctors also prescribe narcotics like codeine for a short term. The doctors also suggest the use of anti-depressants in lower dosages.
When the oral medications do not offer results, the injections are suggested by the doctors. Cortisone, a pain reliever is injected to the spinal area, actually in the space around it. This is the space where the epidurals are injected. This injection helps a great deal in decreasing the inflammation in the roots of the nerves. The pain is relieved for a time of a few months. The numbing injections are also given at times. While the joints which are given these injections are numb, the flexibility is not hindered.
- Surgical Option
The surgery takes into consideration only when the other medications and therapies fail to render results. There are procedures that minimal invasive like the herniated disc and the microdisectomy which are less painful and do not require much time for recovery can be some of the wonderful options for treating relevant pains. The surgeries are considered only when you cannot get your daily activities done; otherwise, there are other remedies the doctors suggest. Depending on the severity of the pain, the procedures are chosen.
Physiotherapy is the much relied treatment method for back pain. There are various treatment methods, even in physiotherapy like application of heat, electrical stimulation and the ultrasound. The physiotherapy treatment is recommended by the doctor and is based on the medical condition of the patient. The physical therapy increases the strength of the muscles, enhances the flexibility and posture. There are also exercises taught by the physiotherapist for getting the same results. When the treatment and exercises are combined, the results can be achieved.
- Alternative Therapies
Chiropractic deals with spine manipulation and can offer relief when done by a qualified professional. Acupuncture can also help and this therapy deals with inserting the stainless steel needles into the acupuncture points. Massage can also reduce lower back pain and getting this done by a qualified professional is vital. Breathing techniques of yoga and the various postures called asanas too can help to get relief from the lower back pain.
There are studies that prove that yoga offers beneficial results for people suffering with lower back pain. Lower back pain needs attention and care. Most of the times, the exercises and physical therapies are beneficial in treating lower back pain. Severity of the pain has to be dealt with a medical practitioner carefully. These are some of the effective ways of how to treat lower back pain effectively.